Puerto Rico is a Caribbean island located between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of the Dominican Republic. With nearly 3.2 million people, Puerto Rico is the third most populous Caribbean island. It is also one of the oldest settlements in the Americas, with a history that stretches back to the 15th century.

Puerto Rican culture is a unique blend of Spanish, African, and indigenous influences. From the music and art to the language, cuisine, and architecture, Puerto Rico has a distinct cultural identity. The island is also home to a vibrant nightlife and a thriving arts scene, with everything from street art to classical music performances.

Puerto Rico’s beaches are some of the most beautiful in the world. From the golden sands of the Caribbean to the rocky coves of the north shore, the island has something for everyone. Whether you’re looking for a peaceful getaway or an action-packed adventure, Puerto Rico’s beaches are sure to please.

From exploring the ancient ruins of Old San Juan to hiking the El Yunque rainforest to discovering the island’s many waterfalls, Puerto Rico has plenty of exciting activities and attractions. Whether you’re a fan of history, nature, or adventure, Puerto Rico has something for everyone.

When it comes to Puerto Rico facts, there are plenty of interesting things to learn about the island. From its unique culture to its incredible landscape, these facts about Puerto Rico are sure to amaze you.

Puerto Rico Island

Fun Facts About Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico is a U.S. territory

Puerto Rico became a U.S. territory following the Spanish-American War in 1898. Its residents are U.S. citizens, but they cannot vote in presidential elections.

Official languages

The official languages of Puerto Rico are Spanish and English, with Spanish being the most widely spoken.

The Coquí frog

This tiny frog, native to Puerto Rico, is a national symbol and is named for its distinct “co-kee” chirp.

El Yunque National Forest

This is the only tropical rainforest within the U.S. National Forest System, featuring unique flora and fauna, as well as stunning waterfalls.

Bioluminescent bays

Puerto Rico has three bioluminescent bays where microorganisms called dinoflagellates emit a glowing blue light when disturbed, creating a truly magical experience.

Home to the world’s largest radio telescope

The Arecibo Observatory houses the world’s largest single-aperture radio telescope, spanning 1,000 feet in diameter.

Oldest city in the U.S.

San Juan, founded in 1521, is the oldest continuously inhabited city in the United States.

San Juan

The Ponce Massacre

In 1937, a peaceful protest turned deadly when police opened fire on demonstrators, killing 19 people and injuring over 200.

The Chupacabra

This mythical creature, believed to attack livestock, is said to have originated in Puerto Rico.

El Morro

This iconic fortress in Old San Juan was built in the 16th century to protect the city from attacks by sea.

Birthplace of the piña colada

The popular cocktail is believed to have been invented in Puerto Rico in the 1950s.

Camuy River Cave Park

This fascinating cave system, one of the largest in the world, features subterranean rivers and unique geological formations.

The Puerto Rican parrot

This critically endangered species is native to Puerto Rico and was once nearly extinct, but conservation efforts have helped increase its population.

The vejigante

This traditional character features in Puerto Rican festivals, wearing brightly colored costumes and masks to represent a blend of Spanish, African, and indigenous influences.

Bomba and plena

These Afro-Puerto Rican musical styles have their roots in African rhythms and are an important part of the island’s cultural heritage.

Puerto Rican Bomba and Plena

270 miles of coastline

The island has 270 miles of coastline, offering many beautiful beaches for locals and tourists to enjoy.

Ponce de León

The Spanish explorer and first governor of Puerto Rico, Ponce de León is famous for his search for the Fountain of Youth.

Hurricane Maria

In September 2017, Hurricane Maria devastated Puerto Rico, causing widespread destruction and a humanitarian crisis.

Observatorio de Arecibo Collapse

In 2020, the Arecibo Observatory’s radio telescope collapsed after a series of structural failures, ending its 57 years of service.

The Puerto Rican Day Parade

Held annually in New York City, this celebration of Puerto Rican culture is one of the largest and most vibrant parades in the United States.

The lechón

Roast pork is a quintessential Puerto Rican dish, often served at large gatherings and celebrations.

The island of Vieques

This small island off the coast of Puerto Rico is known for its stunning beaches, wild horses, and bioluminescent bay.

Taino influence

The Taino people, the island’s original inhabitants, have had a lasting impact on Puerto Rican culture, including language, food, and art.

Flag of Puerto Rico

The Puerto Rican flag

The flag features five red and white stripes, representing the blood and purity of the people, with a blue triangle symbolizing the waters surrounding the island and a white star representing the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.


Whether you’re looking for interesting facts about Puerto Rico or just want to learn more about the island, these facts are sure to fascinate you. From its fascinating history to its vibrant culture and incredible landscape, Puerto Rico is an island of many wonders.

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